Windows operating systems provide a variety of networking commands that can be executed from the command prompt or PowerShell. These commands allow you to perform various network-related tasks, troubleshoot issues, and gather information about network configurations. Here are some commonly used Windows networking commands:

1-ipconfig: Displays the IP configuration information for all network interfaces on the system, including IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS server addresses. The command “ipconfig /all” provides detailed information.

2-ping: Tests network connectivity by sending ICMP echo request packets to a specific IP address or domain name. For example, “ping” or “ping”.

3-tracert: Traces the route that packets take to reach a destination IP address or domain name, displaying the IP addresses of intermediate routers along the path. Usage: “tracert” or “tracert”.

4-nslookup: Performs DNS (Domain Name System) queries to retrieve information about a domain or IP address. You can query for various DNS records, such as A, CNAME, MX, and more. Usage: “nslookup” or “nslookup”.

5-netstat: Displays active network connections, listening ports, and network statistics. The command “netstat -a” shows all active connections and listening ports.

6-route: Manages the local IP routing table, displaying and modifying routing information. Use “route print” to view the routing table.

7-arp: Displays and modifies the ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) cache, which maps IP addresses to MAC addresses. Command “arp -a” shows the ARP table.

8-nbtstat: Displays NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT) protocol information, including NetBIOS names, IP addresses, and MAC addresses. “nbtstat -n” shows local NetBIOS names.

9-net: A versatile command that provides access to various network-related functions, including user and group management, network share management, and more. Type “net” to see available options.

10-telnet: A command-line tool used to establish a Telnet connection to a remote host. Usage: “telnet hostname” or “telnet IP address”.

These are just a few examples of Windows networking commands. Windows provides a rich set of networking utilities that can assist in network diagnostics, troubleshooting, and configuration management. You can access the command prompt or PowerShell and execute these commands as needed.

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